- attend to
treat / tend
The nurse attended to Mr Jones by adjusting his drip.
- bend down
bend to the ground
Paula bent down and picked up the stethoscope.
- bend over
bend at the waist
Could you bend over and then straighten up, please?
- black out
become unconscious / faint
Roger blacked out and collapsed into his armchair.
- block up
His arteries had blocked up, inhibiting blood flow.
- break down
digest / stop functioning
She was having difficulty breaking down solid food.
- break out in
suddenly be covered in sth
Alan broke out in a rash due to an allergy.
- breathe in / out
inhale / exhale
Breathe in slowly, hold it, then breathe out.
- bring up
regurgitate / mention
I’ve been bringing up phlegm all morning.
- build up
You must build up immunity by eating healthily.
- burn out
Jason burnt out due to his excessive work schedule.
- burn up
consume, e.g. calories
How many calories have you burnt up today?
- calm down
become calmer / pacify
You need to calm down and listen to the doctor.
- care for
treat / tend
My dad cares for his wife, who has Alzheimer’s.
- carry out
perform, e.g. a procedure
They’ll carry out the tests first thing in the morning.
- check on
I’ll be back in an hour to check on your progress.
- chill out
Just chill out for a few days and try to get some rest.
- clear up
I’m so glad your rash is clearing up.
- clog up
Her pores are clogged up with dead skin.
- come down with
develop, e.g. an illness
Alan came down with the flu last week.
- come on
start, e.g. a cold
Amy could feel that a cold was coming on.
- come round / to
Let me know when grandma comes round.
- conk out
Look – Jenny’s conked out. She must’ve been exhausted.
- cough up
My father has been coughing up blood for a while now.
- cut out
eliminate, e.g. sugar
You need to cut out sugar as far as you possibly can.
- dose up
give / take medication
Oliver is in bed dosed up on painkillers.
- drop off
Your daughter dropped off at about eight o’clock.
- eat away at
Yes, the cancer has been eating away at your bones.
- ebb away
get weaker gradually
His life is slowly ebbing away before our very eyes.
- fall apart
break into pieces
Since dad died my life has fallen apart.
- fall down
Uncle Jim fell down and broke his back.
- fall over
stumble / trip
I was jogging, then I fell over and landed on my hand.
- fatten up
We need to fatten you up before you leave hospital.
- fight off
Theresa is currently fighting off leukaemia.
- fill up
We’ll have to fill up two test tubes with your blood.
- flare up
It appears that her eczema has flared up badly again.
- follow up on
take further action
Call back next week so we can follow up on your results.
- get around
move / be mobile
Grandpa is finding it hard to get around at the moment.
- get over
recover / overcome
Fantastic that you have managed to get over your illness!
- get up
Can you get up and walk to the wall and back, please.
- give up
Don’t give up! You’ve nearly finished your treatment.
- go away
I was really hoping it would go away without medication.
- go through
experience / suffer
It’s a shame she had to go through such pain, isn’t it?
- grow up
become an adult
When I grow up I want to be a surgeon, like you!
- gulp down
If you gulp down the medicine quickly, you won’t taste it.
- hold out
offer, e.g. yr hand
Hold out your hand and try to grab the rail.
- hook up
They hooked dad up to the life support machine.
- keel over
collapse / fall down suddenly
All of a sudden Alison keeled over and hit the floor.
- kneel down
go down on one or both knees
Auntie was kneeling down but couldn’t get up again.
- knock out
The combination of pills knocked him out completely.
- lay up
have to stay in bed / confine
Ben was laid up in bed for a month after his fall.
- let off
fart / break wind / expel gas
Who’s let off again?
- lie down
Could you just lie down on the couch, please?
- lift up
raise / elevate
So, lift up your left leg. Thank you. And the right.
- liven up
galvanise / excite
We’re trying to liven her up, but she won’t move.
- loaf around
idle / do nothing
Lily’s been loafing around all day at home.
- look after
protect / mind
The nurse has been looking after us really well.
- look at
I just need to have a look at your ankle, John.
- look down
lower yr head/eyes
Look down at the floor then look at me.
- look for
search / hunt
We’ve been looking for your notes all morning.
- look over
check / review
I just need to look you over from head to toe.
- look round
turn yr head
Could you look round for me? That’s fine. OK.
- look up
raise yr head/eyes / research
If you look up, we’re going to check your sight.
- minister to
treat / tend
Nurse Angela ministered to her charge all night.
- nod off
fall asleep, especially unintentionally
Sorry, I just nodded off for a few minutes there.
- open up
make an opening / become more open
We’ll make an incision and open up your chest.
- pack up
Sadly his heart packed up and he died.
- pass away
Your uncle passed away at ten o’clock last night.
- pass out
become unconscious / faint
When I got back he was passed out on the bed.
- patch up
They patched up my arm, but I’ve got to go back.
- perk up
Looks like Tom’s perked up a bit today.
- pick up
contract / improve / lift
She picked up TB while travelling in Malawi.
- prop up
support / help sby to sit up
We’ll prop you up here; can you move the pillow?
- pull through
recover (after a bad illness)
We’re so thankful that you pulled through.
- put on
fake sth, e.g. an illness / wear
It turned out that she had been putting it on!
- rub down
massage / dry
Have a quick shower, then rub yourself down.
- run around
run in different directions
Dr Neilson has been running around all day.
- seize up
become stiff suddenly / freeze
And then my calf muscle suddenly seized up.
- sew up
suture, e.g. a wound
We clean the wound then sew it up.
- shake off
get rid of, e.g. an infection
I’m having a hard time shaking off this virus.
- shut down
His liver shut down on the way to hospital.
- shut up
Just shut up and take your pills!
- sit down
OK, sit down and I’ll outline today’s procedures.
- sit up
sit with a straight back
Would you sit up straight, please, Mrs Felton.
- slim down
It is obviously in your best interests to slim down.
- stand up
rise / get to yr feet
Rob stood up and left the consulting room.
- stress out
worry / aggravate
My daughter was stressing out all evening.
- strip down to
remove some clothing
Please strip down to your underwear.
- strip off
I’m not happy to strip off in front of three doctors.
- swell up
become swollen / expand
My foot swelled up and became very painful.
- take off
remove, e.g. clothing
When they took off the bandage, I nearly cried.
- tend to
treat / usually be/do
The RN was tending to Mrs Peel when I arrived.
- throw up
Joey was throwing up all night.
- turn over
change position to the opposite side
Please turn over and show me where it hurts.
- turn round
move to face the opposite way
Turn round and open your shirt a little.
- wake up
When I woke up, I was lying in a hospital bed!
- waste away
Sadly, no one knew and he simply wasted away.
- watch over
guard / hold a vigil for sby
I watched over him all night until he finally woke.
- work out
exercise / resolve
Have you considered working out twice a week?
- wrap around
Let me wrap the bandage around your arm